A unique city, listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, which you cannot compare with any other city in Romania. Medieval streets and castles, towers, churches and famous houses, all provide visitors with unforgettable memories. Although it is divided into two (the city-fortress, the Citadel, and the Lower City), Sighișoara should be treated as a unitary, so you can say that you really know it. If you have not been able to reach the city of Târnava Mare, built by the Saxon colonists in the 12th century, you must know that there are some tourist attractions that you really do not have to miss. Like ...

 

The church in the Hill

 

The pride of the people of Sighisoara, the Church of the Hill is a representative monument for the whole of Transylvania. Built in Gothic style in 1345, where another Romanesque church once stood, the place of worship bears the "Saint Nicholas" dedication. Particularly is the fact that in the crypt of the church there are tombs from the 16th to the 18th centuries. In 1704, the church went through a fire caused by the Kurdish invaders, and in 1838 it was again affected by the earthquake, so two major restorations were needed. The first took place in 1934 (when wall paintings dating from the 16th century were hidden under lime), and the second between 1991 and 2004.

 

 

The clock tower

It is an important landmark in Sighisoara, one of the must-see objectives. Besides, you can't miss it, because underneath it you have to pass if you want to get to the Fortress. Throughout the time, the clock tower has served as the seat of important institutions of public administration, the guardhouse, the armory depot and even the prison. It did not belong to any guild (compared to the other towers in the city), but belonged to the entire community. The clock tower was built in the 14th century, has a height of 64 meters and five floors. The walls have 2.35 m thick draft holes on the ground floor and 1.30 m on the floors. The famous clock on the fourth floor receives "in gift" 15 figurines carved in wood, made by the watchmaker Johann Kirchel. Attached to the niches of the tower in 1648, part of the figurines represented the days of the week personified in ancient deities: Diana, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, the Sun (those from the Lower City) and part - symbols of peace, justice and justice. (those from Cetate). All were destroyed by the fire of 1676, and were subsequently restored. Currently, the Clock Tower works as a museum - if you are curious, you can see what the city looks like in 1735, according to the existing layout in the museum.

The Monastery Church

 

Near the Clock Tower is the Monastery Church, so named because it belonged to the Dominican Monastery (built in the 13th century and demolished in the 19th century). In fact, only one corridor has been preserved from the old monastery, the one on the northern side. The present form of the church, built in the Gothic style, dates from 1677; it is 44.5 m long and 12.6 m wide. What can you see inside? An old bronze chandelier from 1440, representing the work of the master Jacob, the altar and organ carved by Johann West and painted by Jeremias Stranovius (the organ is still functional today), alleys and balconies with richly decorated sculptures and many old oriental carpets from the 16th century - XVII.

 

The old school

 

The old school in Sighisoara was first mentioned in 1522, being one of the oldest schools in Transylvania. It is actually composed of two cadres: an old one, a smaller one (the old school), and a larger one (the school from the Hill). In 1619, seeing that the space of the lower school becomes unimpeded, the mayor of the city then moved the school "up the hill" to a new building; teaching philosophy, theology, classical languages, mathematics, astrology and music. The floor of the Hill School was added in 1901. Today, both buildings belong to the Evangelical Church.

 

School ladder

 

It was built in 1642 with the purpose of making a link between the school and the city, protecting children on their way to school. Initially, the stairs had 300 steps, but after the modifications of 1849, their number reduced to 176. It looks like a wooden tunnel leading to the top of the hill.

 

The Tower of the Blacksmiths

 

It dates from 1631 and was built in place of the old shaving tower. It was renovated after the fire of 1676.

 

The Shoe Tower in Sighisoara

 

It was built many centuries ago to defend the fortress. It is not known exactly the period in which it was built, but the Tower of Boots appears mentioned in the documents of the time since 1521. The form we see today took it in 1681.

 

Butchers' Tower

 

The hexagonal shape in which the Butcher's Tower was built in the second half of the fifteenth century, made it become a citadel defense tower, because it had a firing range in all directions.

 

The Tower of the Ropes

 

It was built with the first walls of the fortress and destroyed in 1241 by Tatars. Later, the tower was rebuilt (1350) and repaired again in the 16th century. Unlike the other towers destroyed by the 1676 fire, it was not affected at all. In fact, the Tower of the Rangghieri is inhabited even today, by the guardian of the church of the cemetery (it is the only tower inhabited among the nine, how many have been preserved).

 

Tailors Tower

 

Built in the fifteenth century, the Tailors Tower had the role of storage, but by closing the metal gates, the tower was immediately transformed into a defense tower. In 1676, the upper part of the tower was destroyed, after gunpowder stored in the tower exploded during a fire.

 

Taner's Tower

 

As the name implies, the tower belonged to the guild of guerrillas (or fur coats), but it was also destroyed during the fire of 1676.

 

The Tower of the Blacksmiths

 

It was behind the Monastery Church and was built in 1631 instead of the old Barber's Tower.

 

Towers Tower and Tanner's Tower

 

The two towers date from the 12th - 14th centuries, making up the first fortification system of the fortress. They also played a role of defense, the evidence being in the existing holes in the walls.

The fortress of Sighisoara

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